链接萃取

Extract all links from a webpage HTML

reqwest-badge select-badge cat-net-badge

Use reqwest::get to perform a HTTP GET request and then use Document::from_read to parse the response into a HTML document. find with the criteria of Name is “a” retrieves all links. Call filter_map on the Selection retrieves URLs from links that have the “href” attr (attribute).

use error_chain::error_chain;
use select::document::Document;
use select::predicate::Name;

error_chain! {
      foreign_links {
          ReqError(reqwest::Error);
          IoError(std::io::Error);
      }
}

#[tokio::main]
async fn main() -> Result<()> {
  let res = reqwest::get("https://www.rust-lang.org/en-US/")
    .await?
    .text()
    .await?;

  Document::from(res.as_str())
    .find(Name("a"))
    .filter_map(|n| n.attr("href"))
    .for_each(|x| println!("{}", x));

  Ok(())
}

Check a webpage for broken links

reqwest-badge select-badge url-badge cat-net-badge

Call get_base_url to retrieve the base URL. If the document has a base tag, get the href attr from base tag. Position::BeforePath of the original URL acts as a default.

Iterates through links in the document and creates a tokio::spawn task that will parse an individual link with url::ParseOptions and Url::parse). The task makes a request to the links with reqwest and verifies StatusCode. Then the tasks await completion before ending the program.

use error_chain::error_chain;
use reqwest::StatusCode;
use select::document::Document;
use select::predicate::Name;
use std::collections::HashSet;
use url::{Position, Url};

error_chain! {
  foreign_links {
      ReqError(reqwest::Error);
      IoError(std::io::Error);
      UrlParseError(url::ParseError);
      JoinError(tokio::task::JoinError);
  }
}

async fn get_base_url(url: &Url, doc: &Document) -> Result<Url> {
  let base_tag_href = doc.find(Name("base")).filter_map(|n| n.attr("href")).nth(0);
  let base_url =
    base_tag_href.map_or_else(|| Url::parse(&url[..Position::BeforePath]), Url::parse)?;
  Ok(base_url)
}

async fn check_link(url: &Url) -> Result<bool> {
  let res = reqwest::get(url.as_ref()).await?;
  Ok(res.status() != StatusCode::NOT_FOUND)
}

#[tokio::main]
async fn main() -> Result<()> {
  let url = Url::parse("https://www.rust-lang.org/en-US/")?;
  let res = reqwest::get(url.as_ref()).await?.text().await?;
  let document = Document::from(res.as_str());
  let base_url = get_base_url(&url, &document).await?;
  let base_parser = Url::options().base_url(Some(&base_url));
  let links: HashSet<Url> = document
    .find(Name("a"))
    .filter_map(|n| n.attr("href"))
    .filter_map(|link| base_parser.parse(link).ok())
    .collect();
    let mut tasks = vec![];

    for link in links {
        tasks.push(tokio::spawn(async move {
            if check_link(&link).await.unwrap() {
                println!("{} is OK", link);
            } else {
                println!("{} is Broken", link);
            }
        }));
    }

    for task in tasks {
        task.await?
    }

  Ok(())
}

Extract all unique links from a MediaWiki markup

reqwest-badge regex-badge cat-net-badge

Pull the source of a MediaWiki page using reqwest::get and then look for all entries of internal and external links with Regex::captures_iter. Using Cow avoids excessive String allocations.

MediaWiki link syntax is described here.

use lazy_static::lazy_static;
use regex::Regex;
use std::borrow::Cow;
use std::collections::HashSet;
use std::error::Error;

fn extract_links(content: &str) -> HashSet<Cow<str>> {
  lazy_static! {
    static ref WIKI_REGEX: Regex = Regex::new(
      r"(?x)
                \[\[(?P<internal>[^\[\]|]*)[^\[\]]*\]\]    # internal links
                |
                (url=|URL\||\[)(?P<external>http.*?)[ \|}] # external links
            "
    )
    .unwrap();
  }

  let links: HashSet<_> = WIKI_REGEX
    .captures_iter(content)
    .map(|c| match (c.name("internal"), c.name("external")) {
      (Some(val), None) => Cow::from(val.as_str().to_lowercase()),
      (None, Some(val)) => Cow::from(val.as_str()),
      _ => unreachable!(),
    })
    .collect();

  links
}

#[tokio::main]
async fn main() -> Result<(), Box<dyn Error>> {
  let content = reqwest::get(
    "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Rust_(programming_language)&action=raw",
  )
  .await?
  .text()
  .await?;

  println!("{:#?}", extract_links(content.as_str()));

  Ok(())
}